TITLE: Deep Learning Models for Tracking People through Walls and Sensing their Vital Signs
Tracking people through walls and occlusions is an important task with applications in activity recognition, gaming, home security, and health monitoring. In this talk, I describe a new learning model that infers the human pose through obstacles, i.e. it infers the skeletal representations of the joints on the arms and legs, and the key points on the torso and head. To do so, we leverage the wireless signals in the WiFi frequencies to traverse walls and reflect off the human body. We introduce a deep neural network approach that parses such radio signals to estimate human poses. Since no signal annotations exist for such task, we use state-of-the-art computer vision models to provide cross-modal supervision. Interestingly, while our model is trained using a camera, I show that it can estimate human poses through walls and occlusions. Furthermore, I also explain how to extend the model to infer a person’s breathing, heart rate, and sleep stages from the surrounding wireless signals without a sensor on the person’s body. Finally, I discuss how our technology can be used for in-home patient monitoring to deliver better care to chronic disease patients.
Dina Katabi is the Andrew & Erna Viterbi Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. She is also the director of the MIT’s Center for Wireless Networks and Mobile Computing, a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and a recipient of the MacArthur Genius Award. Katabi received her Ph.D. and M.S. from MIT in 2003 and 1999, and her B.S. from Damascus University in 1995. Katabi’s research focuses on innovative mobile and wireless technologies with application to digital health. Her research has been recognized with ACM Prize in Computing, the ACM Grace Murray Hopper Award, the SIGCOMM test of Time Award, the Faculty Research Innovation Fellowship, a Sloan Fellowship, the NBX Career Development chair, and the NSF CAREER award. Her students received the ACM Best Doctoral Dissertation Award in Computer Science and Engineering twice. Her work was recognized by the IEEE William R. Bennett prize, three ACM SIGCOMM Best Paper awards, an NSDI Best Paper award, and a TR10 award. Several startups have been spun out of Katabi’s lab, such as PiCharging and Emerald.